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15 juin 2010 2 15 /06 /juin /2010 21:15

J'ai rencontré Mark lors d'un festival de contra. Il est à l'origine d'un groupe de musiciens intéressés par la musique folk française. Lors d'une rencontre en Caroline du Nord, Cessany nous ouvrit la collection de quilts de sa famille. Il s'avéra très intéressé car il nous apprit que lui-même était fabricant. Je lui ai donc demandé un petit reportage photographique. Écoutons-le...

 

Traditions 0321 copy

 

3 couches superposées composent le quilt :

à gauche, ce qui sera le fond (the back)

au milieu le coton (the batting)

à droite, le dessus (the top)

 

Le quilter assemble les morceaux de tissus en les cousant  à la main ou à la machine. C'est le "piecing".

 

 

Traditions 0330 copy

 

Je repasse soigneusement les deux couches extérieures.

 

Traditions 0333 copy

 

Je nettoie la surface de montage.

 

Traditions 0347 copy

 

Après avoir fixé le fond avec de l'adhésif, je découpe le coton...

 

Traditions 0357 copy

 

... sur lequel je dispose le patchwork

 

Traditions 0360 copy

de la précision en toutes choses...

 

Mark's quilts (2)

Traditions 0361 copy

J'assemble les 3 parties en cousant à grands points pour les faire tenir. C'est le "basting"

 

Traditions 0363 copy

 

Je décolle alors le tout.

 

Traditions 0367 copy

Je place un cerceau dessus et un dessous

 

Traditions 0368 copy

 

pour encercler une partie.

 

Traditions 0371 copy


Je passe au quiltage lui-même qui consiste à assembler les 3 parties par des coutures à petits points. C'est le "quilting". L'opération peut être faite à la main ou à la machine.

Quand cette opération est terminée, on finit les bords en ajoutant parfois un morceau de tissu diffèrent. C'est le "binding".

 

Il en existe des formes traditionnelles. Quilt-making--4-.jpg

Ci-dessus, un exemple provenant de la collection de famille de Cessany.
 

                      
 

Mark a répondu par ailleurs à quelques questions. Je les ai illustrées avec ses oeuvres et sous sa direction.

For how long do you make quilts ?
I have been quilting for about 5 years.
How have you got this idea : family tradition ? school ?
  I sewed a few things at home when I was younger, such as a pair of pants, etc. My mother and sisters sewed dresses occasionally. After my father died, my mother moved into a smaller house, and I helped her get rid of things she no longer needed. One item that remained was my grandmother's sewing machine cabinet, and no one wanted to take it, but no one wanted to see it go away. So I took it. Then, when we moved to Boone, NC, we found a small sofa in a dumpster. Since I now had a sewing machine, I bought upholstery material and made cushions for the sofa.

At Christmas, we didn't have money for gifts, so Georgie asked me to make something for her. I used the remaining upholstery material to make a quilted floor mat for the bathroom. Georgie liked it so much, that she showed it to friends. One friend told me to come to her house, where she showed me a book called "The Quilts of Gee's Bend" about African-american quiltmakers. The book taught me that I could make a quilt however I wanted to.

After that, I made 3 quilts in 3 months. I didn't know how to do it, so I hung out at the local quilt shop pretending to look at merchandise while the quiltmaking classes were in session. The owner was very nice, and helped me when I asked questions. So, when each quilt was finished, I showed it to her. She was very supportive.

The quilt shop sponsored an exhibition at the local university art museum. The owner of the Quilt Shop, Todd Prescott, encouraged me to enter my quilts in the show. All 3 were chosen to be exhibited. At the gallery opening, the juror who chose the work for the exhibition, Joe Cunningham of San Francisco joethequilter.com found me and started asking me questions about my quilts. He really liked them, and we became friends. He helped me a lot. He interviewed me for a book he was writing about men who quilt.

How are you perceived as a man in the quilt making witch is more often a women activity ?
 I sewed a few things at home when I was younger, such as a pair of pants, etc. My mother and sisters sewed dresses occasionally. After my father died, my mother moved into a smaller house, and I helped her get rid of things she no longer needed. One item that remained was my grandmother's sewing machine cabinet, and no one wanted to take it, but no one wanted to see it go away. So I took it. Then, when we moved to Boone, NC, we found a small sofa in a dumpster. Since I now had a sewing machine, I bought upholstery material and made cushions for the sofa.

At Christmas, we didn't have money for gifts, so Georgie asked me to make something for her. I used the remaining upholstery material to make a quilted floor mat for the bathroom. Georgie liked it so much, that she showed it to friends. One friend told me to come to her house, where she showed me a book called "The Quilts of Gee's Bend" about African-american quiltmakers. The book taught me that I could make a quilt however I wanted to.

After that, I made 3 quilts in 3 months. I didn't know how to do it, so I hung out at the local quilt shop pretending to look at merchandise while the quiltmaking classes were in session. The owner was very nice, and helped me when I asked questions. So, when each quilt was finished, I showed it to her. She was very supportive.

The quilt shop sponsored an exhibition at the local university art museum. The owner of the Quilt Shop, Todd Prescott, encouraged me to enter my quilts in the show. All 3 were chosen to be exhibited. At the gallery opening, the juror who chose the work for the exhibition, Joe Cunningham of San Francisco joethequilter.com found me and started asking me questions about my quilts. He really liked them, and we became friends. He helped me a lot. He interviewed me for a book he was writing about men who quilt.

I think quiltmaking was a man's activity in Scotland, where some people think european quiltmaking began. It's a man's activity in parts of africa. Men also quilted in Appalachia, although women quilted mostly. I don't notice anything different because I am a man. Sure, there are a lot of women who quilt, but I love women and love being around them. I have never felt that other men thought I was a sissy because I quilt. Maybe I'm blind!
Have you found by yourself how to make quilts or have you been trained ?
I never took any classes, or received formal training. The way I learned quiltmaking and fiddle-playing was to try to do it by myself, until I was good enough to ask questions. I think you should learn about something on your own, so that when you do ask questions, you don't waste someone's time. When an experienced person sees that you have struggled on your own, they can really help you without having to teach much.

Are you inspired by traditional patterns or do you create each time your personal style ?
My first quilted piece, the floor mat, was a design I had often seen on petroglyphs in the southwest U.S.
Mark's quilts (26)
I used that design because we really missed the southwest when we moved to Boone. The next quilt I made in the shape of a hurricane, because a hurricane had passed over Boone when we were moving there, and I wanted to make a quilt with a spiral.
Mark's quilts (31)
The next quilt I made was another spiral pattern I invented when the tsunami hit Indonesia on Christmas day.
            Mark's quilts (25)
The third bed quilt was a traditional pattern which I modified. It expressed my horror at the effect of U.S. bombing of Iraq.
Mark's quilts (32)
One of my favorite quilts is a traditional pattern I saw on a quilt at a museum show of quilts made by slaves. I modified it.
Mark's quilts (28)
I have made a few patterns I've never seen on other quilts (the Acoma quilt, and Pearl and Ben's wedding quilt).
Mark's quilts (30)
Mark's quilts (27)
On my sister-in-law's wedding quilt I used a pattern I loved on another quilt as a basis, but my quilt looks nothing like the quilt I copied.
Mark's quilts (29)
My ideas come from all over the place.
Could you give us the name of the book ?
I'm just in a chapter... The book is called "Men and the Art of Quiltmaking" by Joe Cunningham. It should be available in October 2010, published by American Quilter's Society.
Thanks Mark for your kindness
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commentaires

enrique 17/06/2010 12:30



Salut hombre,



Je ne communique presque pas d'habitude, mais j'ai envie de faire un tour par chez toi un de ces 4, dans ton coin on a l'air d'avoir gardé pas mal de ces petites choses qui font les traditions...
pas toujours faciles à voir, mais présentes au quotidien, donc.... à l'an que ven, qui sap?


Je vais consulter mon ministre des finances....



enrique 17/06/2010 03:47



Sympa, et le journaliste tient bien son rôle, serait-il étranger?... j'entends comme un soupçon d'accent....


Mais, blague à part, je trouve ça amusant intéressant et rafraîchissant, et je découvre que chez toi aussi on vit de petits métiers (artistiques), comme ici... Y'a pas de sot métier... En fait il
faut avoir un peu de goût et beaucoup d'envie de réaliser des choses palpables et jolies... (je m'égare...)


Bise et continue


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